The DRDAs are not be implementing agencies, but can be very effective in enhancing the quality of implementation through overseeing the implementation of different programmes and ensuring that necessary linkages are provided. To this extent the DRDA is a supporting and a facilitating organisation and needs to play a very effective role as a catalyst in development process.
If effective programme design is critical to successful implementation of rural development programmes, so is an effective delivery agency. None of the anti- poverty programmes can have impact unless they are implemented with a clarity of purpose and a commitment to the task. It is here that the DRDAs play a critical role.
The District Rural Development Agency is visualised as a specialised and a professional agency capable of managing the anti- poverty programmes of the Ministry of Rural Development on the one hand and to effectively relate these to the overall effort of poverty eradication in the District. In other words, while the DRDA will continue to watch over and ensure effective utilisation of the funds intended for anit-poverty programmes, it will need to develop a far greater understanding of the processes necessary for poverty alleviation/ eradication. It will also need to develop the capacity to build synergies among different agencies involved for the most effective results. It will therefore need to develop distinctive capabilities rather than perform tasks that are legitimately in the domain of the PRIs or the line departments. The role of the DRDA will therefore be distinct from all the other agencies including the Zilla Parishad.
DRDAs must themselves be more professional and should be able to interact effectively with various other agencies. They are expected to coordinate with the line departments, the Panchayati Raj Institutions, the banks and other financial institutions, the NGOs as well as the technical institutions, with a view to gathering the support and resources required for poverty reduction effort in the district. It shall be their endeavor and objective to secure inter-sectoral and inter- departmental coordination and cooperation for reducing poverty in the district. It is their ability to coordinate and bring about a convergence of approach among different agencies for poverty alleviation that would set them apart.
The DRDAs are expected to coordinate effectively with the Panchayati Raj The institutions. Under no circumstances will they perform the functions of PRIs.
The DRDAs are expected to oversee the implementation of different anti-poverty programmes of the Ministry of Rural Development in the district. This is not to be confused with actual implementation, which will be by the Panchayati Raj and other Institutions. The DRDAs will monitor closely the implementation through obtaining of periodic reports as well as frequent field visits. The purpose of the visit should be to facilitate the implementing agencies in improving implementation process, besides ensuring that the quality of implementation of programmes is high. This would include overseeing whether the intended beneficiaries are receiving the benefits under the different programmes.
The DRDAs shall keep the Zilla Parishad, the State and the Central Government duly informed of the progress of the implementation of the programmes through periodic reports in the prescribed formats. Special report, as and when called for, shall be provided.
It shall be the duty of the DRDAs to oversee and ensure that the benefits specifically earmarked for certain target groups (SC/ST, women and disabled) reach them. They shall take all necessary steps to achieve the prescribed norms.
The DRDAs shall take necessary step to improve the awareness regarding rural development and poverty alleviation particularly among the rural poor. This would involve issues of poverty, the opportunities available to the rural poor and generally infusing a sense of confidence in their ability to overcome poverty. It would also involve sensitizing the different functionaries in the district to the different aspects of poverty and poverty alleviation programmes.
The DRDAs will strive to promote transparency in the implementation of different anti- poverty programmes. Towards this end, they shall publish periodically, the details of the different programmes and their implementation.
Keeping in view, the substantial investment that are being made in poverty alleviation programmes, the DRDAs shall ensure financial discipline in respect of the funds received by them, whether from Central or State Governments. They shall also ensure that the accounts are properly maintained including in respect of the funds allocated to banks or implementing agencies in accordance with the guidelines of different programmes.
Thus the role of the DRDA is in terms of planning for effective implementation of anti-poverty programmes; coordinating with other agencies- Governmental, non-Governmental, technical and financial for successful programme implementation; enabling the community and the rural poor to participate in the decision making process, overseeing the implementation to ensure adherence to guidelines, quality, equity and efficiently; reporting to the prescribed authorities on the implementation; and promoting transparency in decision making and implementation.
In addition the DRDAs shall coordinate and oversee the conduct of the BPL Census and such other surveys that are required from time to time.
The DRDAs shall also carry out/ aid in carring out action research/ or evaluation studies that are initiated by the Central/ State Governments.
The DRDAs should deal only with the anti-poverty programmes of the Ministry of Rural Development. If DRDAs are to be entrusted with programmes of other ministries or those of the State Governments, it should be ensured that these have a definite anti-poverty focus. Entrusting of any programme to the DRDAs, other than anti- poverty programmes of the Ministry, be it of any other Ministry of Government of India or the respective State Government will have to be done with the approval of the Secretary, Rural Development of the respective State(s), who should examine such request in consultation with the Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India, In such cases, it must be ensured that adequate provision is made for requisite staffing needed for proper implementation of the programme.
INDIRA AWAAS YOJANA
The objective of IAY is primarily to help construction of dwelling units by members of Scheduled Castes and also Non-Scheduled Castes rural poor living below the poverty line. From the year 1999-2000, it has been decided to earmark 80% to total allocated funds for construction of new houses and 20% funds for up gradation of Kachha unserviceable houses. As per guidelines, tallest 60% of assistance should go in favour of Scheduled Castes beneficiaries under this schemes.
The target group for houses under I.A.Y. is people below poverty line living in rural areas belonging to S.C./S.T. freed bonded laborers and non SC/ST categories . a maximum of 40% of the total I.A.Y. allocation during a financial year can be utilized for construction of dwelling units for non SCs/STs BPL at categories.
The Gram Sabha will select the beneficiaries form the list of eligible house holds. they have complete freedom as to the manner of construction of the house .no contractor is to be engaged for construction of the houses under I.A.Y. . ceiling on construction assistance under I.A.Y. is Rs.20,000 /-per unit for plane areas and rs.22,000 /- for hilly difficult areas .sanitary latrines and smokeless chullahs are an integral part of the I.A.Y. houses .
Under I.A.Y. the Gram Sabha is empowered to select the beneficiaries under the scheme. whether the allotment of the dwelling units should be in the name of the female member of the house hold , alternatively it can be allocated in the name of both husband and wife .
SWARNJAYANTI GRAM SWAROZGAR YOJANA
A life of dignity is the right of every citizen. Poverty is an obstruction to a dignified life. Self- employment is a significant step to have sustained incomes and remove the shackles of poverty. Earlier programme like IRDP were good but were not adequate to meet all the requirements. Government have now introduced an effective Self-Employment programme ‘Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar’, or SGSY.
Under the SGSY, assistance is given to the poor families living below the poverty line in rural areas for taking up self employment. The persons taking up Self-Employment are called swarozgaris. They may take up the activity either individually or in Groups, called the Self-Help Groups. For successful Self-Employment, it is necessary to take up the right activity. For this purpose, 4 to 5 activities are selected in each Block with the help of officials, non-officials and the Bankers. These are called ‘Key Activities’, and should be such that they give the Swarozgaris an income of Rs. 2000 per month, net of Bank loan repayment.
Quite often, in villages, people have skills. If any BPL person feel that he/she can gainfully take up any activity he/she should immediately approach the Sarpanch or the BDO or the Branch Manager of the nrarest Bank.
Effective Self-Employment not only means choosing the Right activity but also carrying out the activity in the Right manner. Self-Employment involves procurement of raw material.production, marketing of goods and dealing with finance. A single Swarozgari may not be able to do all this by himself/herself. It is therefore advisable for the Swarozgaris to form Groups – the Self-Help Groups. SGSY actively promotes Self-Help Groups.
Self-Help Group :
A Self- Help Group (SHG) may generally consist of 10-20 persons. However, in difficult areas like deserts, hills and areas with scattered and sparse population and in case of minor irrigation and disabled persons, this number may be from 5.20. The difficult areas have to be identified by the state level SGSY Committee.
Compositions of the Self-Help Group :
Generally all members of the Group should belong to families below the poverty. However, if necessary, a maximum of 20%, and in exceptional cases, where essencially required, upto a maximum of 30% of the members in a Group may be from families marginally above the poverty line, living continuosly with BPL families and if they are acceptable to BPL members of the Group. The APL members of Group will not be eligible for subsidy undetr the scheme and shall not become office bearers( Group leader, assistant group leader or treasurer ) of the group. The BPL families must actively particpate in the management and decision making which should not be entirely in the hands of APL families.
In case of disabled persons a group may compries of persons with diverse disabilities or group may comprise of both disabled and non-disabled persons below the poverty line.
Subsidy Norms for SHGs and Disabled persons :
Subsidy under the SGSY will be uniform at 30% of the project cost, subject to a maximum of Rs. 7500/-. In respect of SC/STs and disabled persons however, these will be 50% and Rs. 10,000/- respectively. For group of Swarozgaris (SHGs ), the subsidy would be 50% of the project cost subject to per capital subsidy of Rs. 10,000/- or monetary limit on subsidy for irrigation projects.
INTEGRATED WASTELAND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME (IWDP)
OBJECTIVE OF THE PROGRAMME :
Agriculture is the mainstay of India’s economy . Land and Water therefore ,are of critical importance. Vast tracts of the land are, however, degraded but can be brought under plough with some effort . Such lands are known as Wastelands. The productivity of these lands is very low and people owning these lands are poor and are therefore forced to earn a living from wage employment. Redressing these lands is regarded as a powerful tool of attacking the issues of poverty and backwardness.
Government of India have therefore, launched the Integrated Wastelands Development Programme (IWDP) throughout the country so as to improve the productivity of these lands and there by improve the living standards of the rural poor who own these lands. The IWDP is a 100% centrally sponsored scheme. The development of wastelands is taken up on watershed basis. Watershed is a geographical unit where rain falling in the area drains through a common point.
The objective of the programme is to arrest rainwater run off and conserve it in situ where it falls. This would in turn lead to control of soil erosion which is usually caused by rainwater –run-off . Water and soil conservation also leads to improved green cover in the project areas leading to improved productivity of land. Under this programme, Wastelands are sought to be developed in an integrated manner based on village micro watershed plans. These plans are prepared after taking into consideration the land capability and site conditions and in consultation with the local people in regard to their needs . The watershed projects are executed by the local people using low cost technologies locally available.
DRDA assigns project areas to Project implementing Agencies which may be either from Government Sector including Panchayati Raj Institutions or the non- Government Sector. The Project Implementing Agency facilitates the actual implementation of the projects by the watershed communities through Watershed Associations. Besides, planning and execution of the watershed projects, the local people are also responsible to maintain and manage these projects through a special provision in the form of Watershed Development Fund created through people’s contributions.
The watershed activities under the Integrated Wasteland Development Programme are expected to result in improved productivity of wastelands , improved availability of fuel wood and fodder , increased water availability, reduction in migration from rural areas and overall improvement in the economic status of the rural people.
Important Telephone Number of DRDA , Arwal
|Shree Ranjan Kumar Sinha (BAS)
||DDC, DRDA Arwal
||Director N.E.P , DRDA
|Smt. Richa Kamal  (BAS)
||Director Accounts, DRDA
| Shree Manoj Kumar
||Technical Assistant, DRDA
||Technical Assistant, DRDA
|Anshu Kumar Singh
||Statistical Analyst, DRDA
|Shree Anil Kumar Singh
||Assistant Accountant Clerk
| Shree Ajay Pandit
|Bimalesh kr bimal
||Ex. Assistant, DRDA